What to Consider Before Taking a Job in the US
Working in the United States of America can be a rewarding, exciting, and eye-opening experience for individuals looking to expand their career opportunities. With a vibrant job market, generous wages, and plenty of cultural attractions, the United States is an attractive destination for ambitious professionals from around the world.
In this article, we’ll provide an overview of the key considerations that applicants should keep in mind before taking up a job in the US. We’ll discuss visa requirements, the work permit process, job market trends, the cost of living, and taxes associated with working in the US.
What are the Visa Requirements for Working in the United States?
In order to work legally in the United States, you must obtain a US work visa or green card. Here are the three main categories of work visas that are available in the US:
- H1B Visa- This is a temporary, non-immigrant visa that allows qualified foreign professionals to take up positions in specialty occupations.
- L1 Visa- This is an intracompany transfer visa that permits multinational companies to transfer employees from one of their foreign offices to a US office.
- Green Card- This is an immigrant visa that enables permanent residency in the United States. In order to obtain a green card, you must meet certain criteria and apply through one of the five designated categories.
What is the Work Permit Process?
Once you have obtained your work visa, you must then apply for a work permit from the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). To do this, you need to complete the following steps:
- Gather required documents- Before you can apply for a work permit, you must first gather all of the necessary documents such as your passport and birth certificate. This will help ensure that your application is processed quickly and you can start working in the US as soon as possible.
- Submit your application- Once all of your documents are in order, you must then submit an Application for Employment Authorization (Form I-765) to the USCIS. This will be reviewed by a government official who will make a decision regarding your eligibility for a work permit.
- Wait and receive approval- Once the application is submitted, you must wait to hear back from the USCIS. If approved, you will receive an Employment Authorization Document (EAD) which allows you to legally begin working in the United States.
What are Some Job Market Trends in the US?
The US job market remains strong and competitive, with a variety of industries offering attractive opportunities to talented professionals. Here are some of the most in-demand jobs right now:
- Technology- The tech industry is booming, with companies offering high salaries and excellent benefits packages to employees. Top employers include Google, Microsoft, Apple, and Amazon.
- Healthcare- With a rapidly aging population and increasing demand for healthcare services, the medical industry remains one of the most lucrative job markets in the US.
- Education- With a growing number of students pursuing higher education, the education sector is thriving and offers plenty of opportunities for professionals looking to make a difference.
- Finance- The finance industry remains strong, with banks and financial institutions offering competitive salaries and excellent benefits packages to employees. This field also offers plenty of opportunities for those who are interested in developing their skills and knowledge.
What is the Cost of Living in the US?
The cost of living varies drastically across the United States, with some cities offering a much lower cost of living than others. Generally speaking, larger cities such as New York City and San Francisco tend to be more expensive than smaller cities such as Austin or Denver. Here are some of the major expenses you should consider when determining your budget:
- Housing- Housing can account for a large portion of your budget, especially in larger cities with higher rent prices. Research carefully to find an affordable place to live that fits within your budget.
- Food- Grocery stores, restaurants, and other food outlets can be expensive, especially in major cities. Look for ways to save money by buying in bulk or taking advantage of restaurant specials.
- Utilities- Utility bills such as electricity, water, and gas are typically the same across most parts of the US. However, you should keep in mind that these bills will vary depending on the size of your home and how much energy you use.
- Taxes- Tax rates are different in each state, so it’s important to research the tax rates for the state you plan to move to before making a decision. This can help you determine which state offers you the least amount of taxes.
Now that you know the basics of working in the US, it’s time to start preparing for your big move. Keep in mind that a successful transition into life in the US requires careful planning and research.